1 characterized by a lack of partiality; "a properly indifferent jury"; "an unbiased account of her family problems" [syn: indifferent, unbiassed]
2 without bias [syn: unbiassed]
for other senses of this word Bias is a term used to describe a tendency or preference towards a particular perspective, ideology or result. All information and points of view have some form of bias. A person is generally said to be biased if a reasonable observer would conclude that the person is markedly influenced by inner biases, rendering it unlikely for them to be able to be objective.
Bias may result from opining on a subject while holding a particular viewpoint on the subject, and not applying neutral point of view correction to the process, whether consciously or unconsciously. In practice, an accusation of bias often results from a perception of unacknowledged favoritism on the part of a critic or judge, or indeed any person in a position requiring the careful and disinterested exercise of arbitration or assessment. Any tendency to favour a certain set of values naturally lead to an uneven dispensation of judgment. It may also be noted that, if a person were to take their own preexisting view as a priori balanced without acknowledging their own personal inclinations, any person or organization that disagrees with their views is likely to be viewed as biased regardless of that person or organization's actual efforts at balance. It may be observed that bias is, in a sense, reflexive, unacknowledged or unrecognized bias potentially leading to its apprehension (with or without good reason) in others.
Effects of biases
A bias could lead one to accept or deny the truth of a claim, not on the basis of the strength of the arguments in support of the claim themselves, but because of the extent of the claim's correspondence with one's own preconceived ideas. This is called confirmation bias. it can change the results of certain results
Forms of biasesThese are just a few popular ones.
- Class: bias favoring one social class and bias ignoring social or class divisions.
- Commercial: advertising, coverage of political campaigns favoring corporate interests, or reporting favoring media owner interests.
- Cognitive bias
- Cultural bias: interpreting and judging phenomena in terms particular to one's own culture.
- Ethnic or racial: racism, nationalism, regionalism and tribalism.
- Geographical: describing a dispute as it is conducted in one country, when the dispute is framed differently elsewhere.
- Inductive bias
- Media bias: real or perceived bias of journalists and news producers within the mass media, in the selection of which events will be reported and how they are covered
- Nationalistic: favoring or opposing the interests or views of a particular nation.
- Gender: including sexism and heteronormativity.
- Linguistic: bias, favoring certain languages
- Political: bias in favor of or against a particular political party, philosophy, policy or candidate.
- Religious: bias for or against religion, faith or beliefs;
- Sensationalist: favoring the exceptional over the ordinary. This includes emphasizing, distorting, or fabricating exceptional news to boost commercial ratings.
- Scientific (including anti-scientific and scientific skepticism): favoring (or disfavoring) a scientist, inventor, or theory for non-scientific reasons. This can also include excessive favoring (or disfavoring) prevalent scientific opinion, if in doing so, notable viewpoints are no longer being treated neutrally.
- Statistical: one example is a biased sample.
- Systematic: bias resulting from a flaw integral to the system within which the bias arises (for example, an incorrectly calibrated thermostat may consistently read — that is 'be biased' — several degrees hotter or colder than actual temperature). As a consequence, systematic bias commonly leads to systematic errors, as opposed to random errors, which tend to cancel one another out.
unbiased in Arabic: انحياز
unbiased in Danish: Bias (psykologi)
unbiased in German: Bias
unbiased in Hebrew: נטאי
unbiased in Portuguese: Viés
unbiased in Simple English: Bias
unbiased in Serbian: Биас
unbiased in Swedish: Metodfel
unbiased in Turkish: Ön yargı